The Basics of Blackjack


Blackjack is a casino game where players make bets against the dealer. They may choose to stand, hit, surrender, double down, or split.

The objective of the game is to total 21, or as close to 21 as possible without busting. The payoff is 3 to 2 for a natural hand (21 on the first two cards) and 1 to 1 for a dealer’s two-card blackjack.

Game rules

Blackjack is a card game that is played with two decks of cards. Players make wagers and the dealer deals two cards to each player, one face up and one face down.

In the game, players win when their hand totals higher than the dealer’s or if the dealer goes bust (i.e., exceeds 21). The payoff is usually 1 to 1.

Blackjack has become popular because it offers players a number of different betting options, including being able to double their bet in certain situations. However, it also has a high house edge, making it difficult for most people to win at the casino.


The basic betting rules in blackjack involve players placing a bet in the areas marked on the table. The dealer then deals two cards to each player and one to himself.

When the first two cards total 21 (an ace and a card valued 10), that is known as a natural or “blackjack.” It pays 3 to 2 and is a win for any player, provided that the dealer does not also have a natural.

The dealer will offer a side bet called “Insurance.” This is a bet that you can make by wagering half of your original wager. If the dealer’s up card is an ace, they will ask you if you would like to “take even money.” This means that you will get paid 1 to 1 instead of a 3 to 2 payoff.

Dealer’s up card

The dealer’s up card is an extremely important factor in blackjack as it gives players a general idea of their position during the game. Moreover, it can help them choose which table to play at as they are able to see whether the dealer is on a hot streak or not.

A player can choose to hit or stand depending on what the dealer’s up card is showing. If the dealer is showing a card that is likely to bust, it is recommended to hit as it will give you a slight edge.

Similarly, if the dealer is showing an up card that has a value of 12 or more, it is recommended to stand. This is because the dealer is more likely to have a hand that is better than yours and thus will win if you bust.

Tie hands

Blackjack is a game that involves a lot of strategy. However, it also has some etiquette that players must learn.

The most important etiquette rule is to never hand your chips to the dealer. This is to avoid them placing your bets for you.

A tie hand in blackjack occurs when the player and dealer have the same total. In this case, the player’s bet is returned.

The player can win by drawing a card that exceeds the dealer’s total. This is known as a ‘natural’ or ‘blackjack’, and is paid at 3 to 2.

Splitting pairs

When you get two cards of the same value (a pair), you have the option to split them and form two new hands.

This is a useful strategy for winning more and losing less over the long run. It also allows you to transform a bad hand into a good one.

However, not every pair can be split. Some pairs should never be split, such as a pair of tens or fives.

The reason is that these hands have a low probability of winning regardless of the dealer’s up card. Plus, they’re a lot harder to bust out with if you hit.